The park around Bojnice Castle is planted as a natural park. Originally it should have been a romantic park with various attractions, e. g. ruins.
The first record about the gardeners of Bojnice Castle comes from 1910. There are several rare and interesting trees in the character park these days.
Lime Tree of King Matej
According to a legend the tree was planted by Matus Cak Trenciansky in the year 1301, when the last king of the Arpad family Ondrej III died. The lime tree grew into a wonderful majestic tree. In the best times of the tree the crown measured about 36 meters in diameter, the main branches grew up to the height of 28 meters and the perimeter of tree trunk measured 12 meters.
King Matej Korvin (1458 - 1490), who loved to stay in Bojnice very much, held great dinner parties as well as meetings under the lime tree. His relation to the tree is documented in the royal document witch is closed which the formulas “Sub nostris dilectis tillis bojniciensibus” - Under our beautiful Bojnice lime trees. Thanks to this fact it became well-known as Lime Tree of King Matej.
The beautiful tree was held in respect not only by the inhabitants of Bojnice but also by enemies. During years many storms and winds damaged its main parts. At the beginning of the 50s the workers of the Slovak National Museum in Bojnice found that the tree was deteriorating too quickly so they decided to rescued it.
The first record of the treatment of the lime tree is from 1952. In 1969 the lime tree was declared to a protected natural artefact
Ginkgo tree is coming probably from South-East China. In Mesozoic times it was wide-spreaded on the whole northern hemisphere. Today there is only one representative of the Ginkgo family.
It was introduced to Europe in 1727. It is a medicinal plant that improves cephalhaemia. The tree grows into the height of 30 - 40 m. Ginkgo is characterized by a high regeneration and the ability to renew the growth even only from thick branches. It is the only tree that was able to survive the atomic bombing in Nagasaki.